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Title Document type Published
The Environmental Management of Highways

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The Guidelines on The Environmental Management of Highways outline the development of environmental policy in the UK and describe best practice on a range of key environmental topics relating to the management and maintenance of transport infrastructure. The Guidelines are intended to be compatible with other official guidance from the Institution of Highways & Transportation (IHT [Institution of Highways & Transportation]), the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) and the Highways Agency (HA). The Guidelines are intended for use mainly by planners, architects, highway engineers, traffic engineers and maintenance engineers, in both the public and private sectors. They are also intended to assist councillors, voluntary groups and others who wish to pursue improvements to the highway environment, such as residents whose community is disrupted by heavy traffic. Finally, they are intended to help promote a consensus amongst the authorities, professionals and user groups on the best ways to improve conditions.

Secondary Doc. 01/02/01 Add icon
Providing for Journeys on Foot

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The main purpose of Guidelines for Providing for Journeys on Foot is to describe best practice in planning and providing for pedestrians within the existing UK legislative framework. It is a technical document to support the policies contained in the 1998 White Paper, A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone. The Guidelines advise on how to plan and implement walking measures as part of a wider integrated transport strategy; they also provide guidance on how to review and update the walking aspects of the strategy. They are intended for use by transport planners, traffic engineers, design engineers, maintenance engineers, travel awareness officers and architects, in both the public and private sectors. The Guidelines are also intended to assist Councilors, voluntary groups and others who wish to pursue improvements to the pedestrian environment. The emphasis of these Guidelines is on what to do and how to do it. They highlight measures that can make qualitative improvements in the walking environment, put forward new accessibility and evaluation techniques for use and further development. Advice on typical questions is included to assist those unfamiliar with the procedures or techniques involved. They are mainly concerned with the planning, provision, maintenance and promotion of facilities for walking on the public highway, usually adjacent to the carriageway.

Secondary Doc. 10/05/00 Add icon
Transport in the Urban Environment

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Transport in the Urban Environment is a complete re-write of the technical manual, "Roads and Traffic in Urban Areas" (better known as RTUA or "the Brown Book" which was published in association with the Department of Transport). RTUA proved to be a particularly useful source of information for practitioners involved in urban planning and development especially those in the fields of highway and traffic engineering, transportation and town planning. Since there have been radical changes in the way that transport is viewed Transport in the Urban Environment gives great emphasis upon ensuring that the potentially damaging effects of transport upon the environment are avoided or, at least, mitigated. One such change is the growing debate over sustainable development and the impacts that transport can have on the urban environment which has continued not only within the UK but in many other countries. Transport in the Urban Environment is a "reference of first resort", providing a comprehensive guide to virtually every aspect of transport in urban areas. The volume is divided into six parts

Secondary Doc. 02/06/97 Add icon
Rural Safety Management

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In Great Britain 59% of fatalities occur on rural roads and 32% of all injuries in road traffic accidents. Nevertheless there are major differences in the frequency of rural road accidents across the country, reflecting both the different lengths of speed limits and differences in risk. Simple breakdown of statistics indicates the two major problems for rural roads. Firstly, the majority of casualties occur on A Class roads and Motorways: in GB in 1998, 74% of fatalities and 68% of all casualties. On these roads, about three-fifths of casualties occur where the speed limit is 60 miles/h, and one-third where it is 70 miles/h (dual carriageways). On the lower class roads, 97 percent occur on 60 miles/h roads. However, exposure to risk on the different classes of road is also important. Lower class roads have higher casualty rates per veh-km than Motorways or Class A roads. Furthermore, forecasts suggest that traffic flow is likely to increase more on rural than on urban roads. Secondly, 84% of all fatalities on rural roads and 95% of all casualties occur to drivers or passengers of motor vehicles (mainly cars). This is a very different picture from that on urban roads where pedestrian fatalities and casualties dominate. Nevertheless pedestrians make up 10% of all deaths on rural roads, and 2% of casualties. There are also important road safety issues for the small villages or townships (of population less than 3000) subject to 30 or 40 miles/h which lie basically in rural areas.

Secondary Doc. 01/11/99 Add icon
Moving Freight - How to Balance Economy and Environment

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These Guidelines, produced in partnership with the Freight Transport Association, suggest ways to manage freight distribution. Part I describes freight movement and its economic benefits; the environmental consequences; and relevant legislation. Part II covers the strategic movement of freight in rural and urban areas and explains how policies can be used to improve economic efficiency, and reduce adverse environmental effects. The Guidelines conclude with a toolkit of measures that have been proven to assist freight operations.

Secondary Doc. 02/05/05 Add icon
Cycle Audit and Cycle Review

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One of the primary objectives of the National Cycling Strategy (NCS), which was published in 1996 and supported by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, is to encourage and enable planning and highway authorities to create a cycle-friendly road network, supplemented by cycle routes, which enables people to reach destinations safely and conveniently by cycle. These guidelines launched on 8 October 1998 by Glenda Jackson CBE, Minister for Local Transport, will help local authorities to provide better facilities for cyclists. An important step towards achieving this is for all highway authorities to adopt cycle audit procedures. The NCS recommended that cycle audit procedures should be adopted by all highway authorities and stated that these procedures "will ensure that opportunities are not missed to enhance cycling conditions, and help avoid inadvertently making them worse". Cycle audits are analogous to safety audits insofar as both involve regimes for ensuring that particular issues or interests are fully considered in the planning and design process. However, CARs go one step further by also examining existing highway networks.

Secondary Doc. 10/06/96 Add icon
Planning for Public Transport in Developments

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Designing public transport facilities into new and existing developments is difficult. While there is much experience and guidance available for designing for motorised traffic when designing for public transport, developers, planners, designers, highway and traffic engineers must frequently start from a less than ideal situation. Over recent years few developments have been designed or adapted to cater for access by public transport. These new IHT guidelines provide the advice that is needed. Transport policy has changed significantly in recent years. There is a now consensus that we should encourage and provide for greater use of public transport. The Government sees provision for public transport as an integral part of an Integrated Transport Policy: "At the heart of the policies which we intend to develop are our aims of better and more integrated public transport systems". Furthermore in 1994 the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution recommended that the proportion of passenger-kilometres by public transport increased by 12 per cent in 1993 to 29 per cent in 2005 and 30 per cent by 2020. There can be no doubt that conditions for public transport operators and users in Britain can be substantially improved. British and continental experience suggests that towns can significantly raise the level of bus-use, and that public transport use is compatible with modern prosperous economies and attractive environments. The question, therefore, is how can this best be achieved?

Secondary Doc. 10/04/99 Add icon
Cycle Friendly Infrastructure

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The IHT, the Bicycle Association, the Cyclist's Touring Club and the Department of Transport worked together to produce the technical guidelines - "Cycle-Friendly Infrastructure: Guidelines for Planning and Design". Following the publication of Policy Planning Guidance 13 (Transport) and the development of the National Cycle Strategy, cycling will be of growing importance in transport policies. The Government is committed to sustainable development and sees cycling as an important part of an environment-friendly transport strategy. Many local authorities are already promoting alternatives to the car and measures to assist cyclists are an integral part of good transportation planning and highway design. The Guidelines assist those seeking to make highway infrastructure safer and more convenient for cyclists. As the Guidelines point out, dedicated cycle routes are an important part of this, but only a part. Good on-street facilities are also essential if cycling is to be encouraged. A hierarchical approach is recommended, with appropriate emphasis on reducing the volumes and speeds of motor vehicles, as well as using traffic management techniques to reduce accidents and to give cyclists a positive advantage. Much has changed since 1984 when the IHT published its original guidelines, "Providing for the Cyclist", especially the policy context. Nevertheless, many schemes have been implemented, experience gained and new techniques, such as Advanced Stop Lines and Toucan crossings, have been developed. The contents cover the policy framework, traffic management, junction and link design, cycle parking and links to public transport.

Secondary Doc. 10/04/96 Add icon
Urban Safety Management

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Traditionally, road safety in towns and cities has been approached on a piecemeal basis, tackling individual problems as they arise. But towns and cities do not work like this. Traffic and pedestrian movement is part of the essential way that a place lives. It affects the whole urban area. Urban Safety Management (USM) looks at whole communities and sets a vision and strategy for road safety management which becomes proactive rather than reactive. This USM approach has been shown to yield significant benefits in casualty reduction.

Secondary Doc. 10/07/90 Add icon
Reducing Mobility Handicaps - Towards a Barrier Free Environment

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Everyday journeys to work, shopping and leisure can be a very real source of stress and pain for those who are partially sighted, elderly or who have some other form of mobility issue. The guidelines have been instrumental in promoting a greater awareness among engineers, planners, architects and others of the problems faced in daily life and how conditions can be approved.

Secondary Doc. 01/07/91 Add icon
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