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Title Document type Published
Encouraging Walking and Cycling: Success Stories

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Walking and cycling: an action plan, which was published on 16 June 2004, sets out measures from across government to increase levels of active travel. This companion guide contains 50 examples of successful schemes from across England. They have all achieved significant results with often modest, but always well-chosen initiatives, which have improved local conditions for walking and cycling and encouraged people to get around on foot and by bike. These schemes illustrate clear benefits in terms of reduced congestion, improved public health and enhanced quality of local streets and spaces.

Secondary Doc. 29/12/05 Add icon
LTN 02/08 Cycle Infrastructure Design

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Encouraging more people to cycle is increasingly being seen as a vital part of any local authority plan to tackle congestion, improve air quality, promote physical activity and improve accessibility. This design guide brings together and updates guidance previously available in a number of draft Local Transport Notes and other documents. Although its focus is the design of cycle infrastructure, parts of its advice are equally appropriate to improving conditions for pedestrians. The guidance covers England, Wales and Scotland. Where the text refers to highway authorities (for England and Wales), the equivalent term in Scotland is road authorities.

Primary Doc. 01/10/08 Add icon
LTN 02/86 Shared Use by Cyclists and Pedestrians

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This note contains advice on allowing cyclists to use facilities previously reserved solely for pedestrian use. It deals primarily with the conversion of footways (ie a public right of way on foot only which is part of a highway including a carriageway) and footpaths (ie a public right of way on foot only which is not beside a carriageway).

Primary Doc. 01/08/86 Add icon
Walking and Cycling: Links to Schools

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This booklet shows how an innovative scheme such as Links to Schools benefits not just children, but their wider community, while achieving many of the key ambitions of local authorities’ Local Transport Plans. In addition, Local Transport Plans should seek to minimise pollution while improving access. We can’t build our way out of the problems of poor air quality, and an ever-increasing number of roads fracture communities and reduce access. The only exception is to build and improve a different kind of infrastructure – one that creates a safe environment for walking and cycling.

Secondary Doc. 01/11/06 Add icon
Manual for Streets

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There is a need to transform the quality of residential streets, and this requires a new approach to their provision. The Manual is aimed at any organisation or discipline with an interest in residential streets, ranging from access officers to the emergency services. The importance of joint working among practitioners is a key feature of the Manual. Its scope is limited to residential and other lightly trafficked streets, although some of its principles may be applied to other road types where appropriate. It is not, however, meant to be used for trunk routes of any description, as these roads are covered by the Highways Agency’s Design Manual for Roads and Bridges. Streets should not be designed just to accommodate the movement of motor vehicles - a prime consideration is that they meet the needs of pedestrians and cyclists.

Primary Doc. 29/03/07 Add icon
Building Sustainable Transport into New Developments

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This document, which forms part of the Government’s advice on transport within Ecotowns and New Growth Points, is aimed at all those involved in the planning, design and construction of new housing developments. It sets out advice on how to build an effective sustainable transport system in new developments, from the planning to the implementation stage. It recommends a variety of transport options to integrate and adopt according to the location and needs of the individual development. The TCPA Eco-towns Transport Worksheet, commissioned by CLG, supplements this initial guidance and concentrates on a route map for Eco-town developers. It provides a ‘how to’ guide to steer developers and others engaged in planning, delivering and managing eco-towns through the planning process. Both documents should be referred to in conjunction with each other.

Secondary Doc. 01/04/08 Add icon
The Essential Guide to Travel Planning

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This guide draws together experience built up by businesses with leading-edge travel plans to explain how you can set up a travel plan for your company. It will enable you to: explain the benefits of a travel plan to colleagues; work out the essential ingredients for success; identify potential savings, costs and income streams that could form the basis of a business case for a travel plan; decide what data you need to gather; determine which actions should be included in your company’s plan.

Secondary Doc. 01/03/08 Add icon
Guidance on Transport Assessment

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This document, Guidance on Transport Assessment (GTA), is intended to assist stakeholders in determining whether an assessment may be required and, if so, what the level and scope of that assessment should be. It provides guidance on the content and preparation of TAs and TSs. However, it is not a statement of Government policy and therefore should be read in conjunction with, and in the context of, relevant Government policies, in particular those relating to transport and planning. It is also important to note that the decision to grant planning permission for a development proposal is based on several considerations. A TA focuses primarily on the transport implications of the development, and therefore the completion of a TA does not guarantee the granting of planning consent. This guidance applies to England only, and not Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. Developers should also have regard to any more specific current guidance issued by local authorities. In particular, developers operating in the vicinity of London should note the guidance issued by Transport for London (TfL). Planning applications meeting the criteria for referral to the Mayor should follow TfL’s Transport Assessment best practice guidance (May 2006) at

Secondary Doc. 01/03/07 Add icon
Guidance on agreements with the Secretary of State under section 278 of the Highways Act 1980

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This guidance gives advice on the application of the s.278 process and the steps which will need to be taken by the developer and others, when such an agreement is contemplated. The guidance applies to any part of the SRN, including those routes where a Design Build Finance Operate (DBFO) contract has been awarded. A developer may also enter into a s.278 agreement with a LHA for mitigation measures which may include improvement works to local roads, as well as with the Secretary of State for works on the SRN. This guidance is confined to s.278 agreements with the Secretary of State for works on the strategic road network.

Secondary Doc. 01/02/07 Add icon
A causal descriptive approach to modelling the GHG emissions associated with the indirect land use impacts of biofuels

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This report summarises the outcome of a study commissioned by the UK Department for Transport (DfT). The study aims to develop an understanding of the chain of causes and effects that lead from an increased demand for biofuel feedstock to indirect land use change (ILUC), and provides a framework for capturing and quantifying those relationships. It specifically studies the greenhouse gas (GHG) impacts associated with the land use changes identified. Although there are clearly other important environmental and social impacts associated with land use change, these impacts were outside the scope of this study. The study is based on a causal-descriptive methodology which uses cause and effect logic to describe and derive the ILUC impacts, and makes wide use of stakeholder input. It provides an alternative modelling approach to the equilibrium models that have been increasingly used for ILUC factor calculations for biofuels, and could potentially be used to inform those models.

Research 19/10/10 Add icon
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