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Title Document type Published
Making Residential Travel Plans Work: guidelines for new development

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This guide was commissioned by the Department for Transport, in consultation with the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, to bring together emerging principles of good practice and to identify issues that need to be taken into account in developing residential travel plans and securing them through the planning system. The guide is aimed at the practitioners involved in this process, including local authority highways and planning officers, property developers and consultants. The guide seeks to bridge the gap between existing advice on the physical layout and location of development (e.g. planning and design guidance) and that on managing the resulting travel patterns (e.g. through Local Transport Plans). It draws on research into the success of workplace and school travel plans, and on the experiences of securing residential travel plans in six local authorities from different parts of the country, representing varying economic, development and transport circumstances. It is complementary to the generic guide produced in 2002 jointly by the Department for Transport and the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister 7 and should be used in conjunction with it.

Secondary Doc. 01/09/05 Add icon
Using the Planning Process to Secure Travel Plans

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The need to maximise the use of sustainable modes of transport to minimise congestion and traffic pollution is of growing importance. This study is part of a two-part Department for Transport research project examining the effectiveness of travel plans and the use of the planning process to secure them. This report focuses on the planning process. The research comprised reviewing previous research and current legislation; a questionnaire survey to 174 authorities, and detailed analysis of ten authorities. It involved interviews with local authority officers and members, applicants and occupiers of case study planning applications, and a brainstorming meeting involving representatives of all key parties.

Research 01/07/02 Add icon
Making Travel Plans Work

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A workplace travel plan is a simple idea with a big ambition: to change the way that people travel to work. Cost, convenience, and comfort all influence our decisions about the journeys we take. Travel plans set out to address these factors, re-framing travel choices with major improvements to the bus, cycling and walking routes that serve the work site. Cyclists are welcomed with secure parking and changing facilities. Bus services are adjusted to staff needs. Drivers can find car share partners through a matching service. Discounts, promotional offers and financial incentives make alternatives to solo driving more attractive. Car park restrictions and charges make driving less so. This guide points to key success factors and features of good practice for setting up an effective travel plan. It is based on the experience of 20 UK organisations that have brought about a change in staff travel patterns. These employers include hospitals, councils, major companies, a shopping centre and a university. Results indicate that following their plans on average, there were at least 14 fewer cars arriving per 100 staff, representing a reduction of 18% or more in the proportion of commuter journeys being made as a car driver. The advice given here follows a detailed evaluation of the travel plans adopted by these organisations. The range of reductions they achieved was considerable – from 5% to 66% – making it possible to compare the effectiveness of different travel plan measures and strategies. The guide also draws on the findings of other research in the US and the Netherlands, where travel plans have been in use for much longer.

Secondary Doc. 01/07/02 Add icon
TAL 02/07 The Use of Bus Lanes by Motorcycles

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The Government’s Motorcycling Strategy, published in February 2005, seeks to facilitate motorcycling as a choice of travel within a safe and sustainable transport framework. Since 1995, several authorities have made permanent a number of experimental Traffic Regulation Orders allowing motorcyclists to use bus lanes. Various monitoring and research projects have been carried out to determine the effects of these schemes on both motorcyclists and other road users. The research does not lead to clear conclusions, but suggests both potential benefits and disbenefits. As with any scheme, the decision to allow motorcycle access to bus lanes should be taken with care to mitigate foreseeable and avoidable risks. The Strategy gave an undertaking to review the advice given in Local Transport Note (LTN) 1/972, on the use of bus lanes by motorcycles. Local highway authorities are able to permit classes of vehicles other than buses into bus lanes. However, because of concerns about safety and lack of any evidence at the time, LTN 1/972 recommended that motorcycles should not normally be permitted to use them. This Traffic Advisory Leaflet now revises the guidance on that point in LTN 1/972 and encourages a more objective assessment to be made.

Primary Doc. 01/02/07 Add icon
TAL 03/06 High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes

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High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes are a method of utilising spare capacity in existing bus lanes. They can also be used where the introduction of new bus lanes cannot be justified on bus frequency grounds, or as part of a policy to encourage car sharing. The basic principle is that only vehicles carrying two or more people, buses and two wheeled vehicles are permitted to use the lanes during the hours of operation. Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) may, or may not be allowed access. Only three non-motorway schemes of this type are currently in operation in the UK, in Leeds, South Gloucestershire (on the northern outskirts of Bristol) and North Somerset (A370 Long Ashton Bypass). A number of other highway authorities are giving active consideration to introducing schemes of this type. This Traffic Advisory Leaflet reviews the pioneering schemes in Leeds and South Gloucestershire and provides guidance for anyone considering the conversion of existing bus lanes into HOV lanes, or the introduction of HOV lanes on non-motorway roads where there are currently no bus priority facilities. Like conventional bus lanes, HOV lanes can be located at the nearside or offside of the carriageway, or as contra flow lanes in otherwise one-way traffic schemes. It is recommended that scheme designers should consult the Department for Transport before proceeding with design work on the latter two alternatives because of possible signing and enforcement problems. Although this leaflet describes HOV lanes implemented for vehicles carrying two or more occupants, authorities might like to consider a minimum occupancy of 3 people. In either case, it is important to consider the likely changes in travel behaviour that HOV lanes might initiate. For example, HOV lanes to encourage car sharing might be in conflict with local policies to reduce car use and promote public transport, or walking and cycling to schools.

Primary Doc. 01/12/06 Add icon
TAL 06/01 Bus Priority Primary Doc. 01/04/01 Add icon
LTN 01/97 Keeping Buses Moving Primary Doc. 01/10/97 Add icon
Bus Priority: The Way Ahead

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This is the second edition of the resource pack, which provides practical information and guidance on successful bus priority. A useful summary is provided in the overview document at the front of the resource pack. The resource pack comprises a series of leaflets which are updated periodically.

Secondary Doc. 01/12/04 Add icon
LTN 01/08 Traffic Management and Streetscape

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The intention of this Local Transport Note (LTN) is to help all those involved in the design of traffic management measures to prepare schemes that consider and care for the streetscape. It assists hands-on designers, project enablers and decisionmakers alike. Specifically, it aims to enhance streetscape appearance by encouraging design teams to minimise the various traffic signs, road markings and street furniture associated with traffic management schemes. Advice on achieving this is given with reference to a series of case studies. This LTN is relevant to all schemes, of all types and scale, in urban and rural settings, but focuses particularly on the smaller, everyday schemes such as junction entry treatments. Most people may only be subconsciously aware of the detrimental impact that cluttered and poorly designed schemes have on their environment and living conditions (see Figures 1.1–1.3). The improvements that can be made to the smaller routine schemes may be subtle in design and impact (good practice in itself), but the benefits of these improvements will be substantial if widespread in application. Not only will the street look much better, but the reduced clutter and the clearer signing will benefit people with limited mobility and those who are blind or partially sighted.

Primary Doc. 01/03/08 Add icon
TAL ITS 01/06 Understanding the Benefits and Costs of Intelligent Transport Systems

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The Department for Transport has launched a new website: The site hosts the Department's guidance: “Understanding the benefits and costs of Intelligent Transport: A toolkit approach”. This website will help authorities assess the business case for investment in ITS and identify how best to use ITS to meet their own, local challenges, and further supports Local Transport Plan (LTP) guidance.

Primary Doc. 01/10/06 Add icon
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