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Environment Appraisals

environmental appraisal

The process by which account is taken of the environmental dimensions of development interventions in each phase of the project cycle.

Documents listed in this section cover The Appraisal Process, Strategic Appraisal, Scheme Appraisal, Environmental Effects, monitoring and evaluation.

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Title Document type Published Publisher
Involving the Public and Other Stakeholders

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The purpose of these guidelines is to encourage and enable practitioners to engage more effectively with those who stand to be most directly affected by the work they undertake. Whether in relation to policy, strategy or scheme design, involving the public and other stakeholders can result in many practical benefits, and it is important that practitioners appreciate these benefits rather than consider that ‘consultation’ is simply an ideological and/or a legal burden placed on them from on high.

Secondary Doc. 04/06/15 CIHT Add icon
Economic and Environmental Benefits Achieved with ITS

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A short introduction to how Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) can deliver economic and environmental benefits. The featured examples are Smart Motorways, Point to Point Speed Enforcement, Parking Guidance Systems and Road User Charging.

General Information 17/12/13 ITS-UK Add icon
Index of Interim Advice Notes (IAN)

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Current set of the Highway's Agency's Interim Advice Notes, including lighting, managed motorways, appraisal technology schemes, bridges, air quality.

Primary Doc. 01/04/13 Highways Agency Add icon
Traffic in Villages Toolkit

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Traffic in Villages is a new publication produced by Dorset AONB Partnership and written by Hamilton-Baillie Associates. It has been written as a toolkit to help Parish Councils and local groups understand the core principles for reducing speed, improving safety and retaining local distinctiveness. We hope that Traffic in Villages will help develop new working relationships between communities and highway authorities by equiping communities with the tools to look closely at their issues and begin to consider new solutions. It is illustrated with case studies and practical advice and includes a checklist to help local surveys. The Toolkit extends the key principles of Manual for Streets and Manual for Streets 2 to support rural communities coping with the impact of traffic in villages and small towns.

Primary Doc. 06/12/11 unknown Add icon
Assessing the perceived safety risk from quiet electric and hybrid vehicles to vision impaired pedestrians

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Over 90% of the UK population hears traffic noise at home and approximately 10% regard this exposure as highly annoying. The Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC aims to prevent/reduce environmental noise from sources such as road traffic where necessary and preserve noise quality where it is good. Potential mechanisms for achieving this include the increased use of quieter vehicles (through reduced powertrain and tyre noise) and low-noise road surfaces. One option for quieter vehicles is the use of vehicles powered by electric motors, either fully electric or hybrid vehicles running in electric mode. However, groups representing the vision-impaired, both in the UK and internationally, have raised concerns that, due to their low noise, such vehicles may pose an increased accident risk to vision-impaired pedestrians. The Department for Transport has commissioned TRL to investigate the accident risk posed by such vehicles and compare it with that for equivalent vehicles with traditional internal combustion engines, and to determine whether electric/hybrid vehicles are audibly more difficult to detect. This report presents the findings from the study, based upon a review of accident statistics, a programme of practical measurements to compare the noise of electric/hybrid and internal combustion engine vehicles, and a small-scale subjective assessment of the noise from these vehicles involving visually impaired participants.

Research 01/08/11 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
DMRB Volume 11 Environmental Assessment - Section 3 Environmental Assessment Techniques: HA 213/11 Noise and Vibration Primary Doc. 01/02/11 Highways Agency Add icon
Delivering Healthy Local Travel Plans

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The Transport and Health resource was jointly commissioned by the Department of Health (DH) and Department for Transport (DfT) to support the development and delivery of health conscious Local Transport Plans throughout England. Local Transport Plans (LTPs) are required to be assessed through Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) (European Directive 2001/42/EC) as an integral part of developing, appraising and later, delivering LTPs. Addressing human health is a key requirement of the SEA directive, and health impacts are also covered in the statutory duty to assess for the Impact on Equality, which will need to be carried out for all LTPs. This resource is for information and relates to existing policy. It is intended for use by Transport Planners for developing their plans, Public Health Departments that can advise on local health issues, and SEA practitioners assessing the plan and informing its preparation. It contains easily accessible evidence on the full range of the health impacts of transport modes so that the information can be incorporated into the evidence base for local transport plans and their assessment to ensure health issues are effectively covered throughout the process. The resource: • suggests how and when to use the four key elements of the resource (Transport and Health Screening Tool, summary of the Transport and health evidence base, suggested assessment methods and the Transport and Health Bibliography Matrix) in Chapter 1; • shows how the different elements inform the five stages in SEA in Chapter 2; • provides a quick reference screening tool linking health outcomes with transport mode Chapter 3; • gives a summary of the transport and health evidence in Chapter 4 with supplementary information in Appendix A; • suggests approaches to using SEA and health impact assessment (HIA) in Chapter 5; • provides information on key health pathways and how they can be addressed in transport planning in Chapter 6; 1 Transport and Health Resource • suggests key performance indicators for monitoring human health impacts in Chapter 7; and • sets out suggested transport mitigation and community support initiatives in Chapter 8.

Secondary Doc. 20/01/11 Department for Transport Add icon
Winter Service Guidance: Recommended Precautionary Treatments and Post Treatments Including Revised Salt Spread Rates

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An independent review (“the Quarmby Review”), commissioned by the previous government and continued by the current Secretary of State for Transport, to consider the resilience of English transport systems, produced a final report in 2010. Its recommendations aim, inter alia, at providing measures to improve local highway authorities‟ preparedness for winter. In particular, the review noted a need for „research which would underpin recommendations for the adoption of lower salt spread rates […] to improve resilience of the salt supply chain‟ (recommendation 23). With the early onset of the 2010/11 winter service season, the need for guidance on appropriate spread rates to reduce salt usage on local roads and improve resilience has become a high priority. The Department for Transport believes that it would be helpful to provide simple spread rate guidance to local authority practitioners as a matter of urgency. This document provides the required guidance.

Primary Doc. 04/01/11 UK Roads Liaison Group Add icon
Parking Measures and Policies Research Review

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Investigation of evidence about the impact of different types of parking measures and policies on road traffic, congestion, transport safety and car ownership, on the level of carbon emissions from transport, on the activity on businesses and on townscapes. The method of the research involved a systematic review of evidence from original and relevant studies. (DfT commissioned TRL Report)

Research 03/01/11 Department for Transport Add icon
Planning Policy Guidance 13: Transport

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Planning Policy Guidance 13's (PPG13) objectives are to integrate planning and transport at the national, regional, strategic and local level and to promote more sustainable transport choices both for carrying people and for moving freight.

Primary Doc. 03/01/11 Department for Communities and Local Government Add icon
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