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Title Document type Published Publisher
Index of Interim Advice Notes (IAN)

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Current set of the Highway's Agency's Interim Advice Notes, including lighting, managed motorways, appraisal technology schemes, bridges, air quality.

Primary Doc. 01/04/13 Highways Agency Add icon
Operation od Traffic Signals During Low Demands

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Traffic signal design is a science that has been developed through decades to a point where the maximum efficiency can be squeezed out of the most congested of junctions. Conflicting needs of all road users are measured, evaluated and optimised such that the ever-increasing and varying demands continue to be managed with ingenuity and perfection. But roads aren’t always busy. In many cases the very justification for signal control is based on a problem that may only exist for a couple of hours each weekday. Even the most congested networks have their quiet moment, yet, in a deserted city at 3 in the morning, signals still cycle for non-existent traffic. Any driver who ventures into this scenario may sit in frustration at a red light while the ‘intelligent’ control system optimises the signals for phantom conflicting demands. In other countries various techniques are applied to ‘demote’ signalised junctions to priority mode of operation, for example the flashing amber on main road/flashing red on minor road employed in some States of the USA, or signals that simply turn off overnight as in parts of Europe.

Research 04/10/12 Department for Transport Add icon
DSOPM001: Seating

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to public seating in streets and neighbourhoods. It was originally published (electronically) in 2007 and was updated (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to the provision of comfort facilities to break up the pedestrian journey. The guidance is based on the views of over 200 older people, street audits and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on how much seating is sufficient, the effective positioning of seating on the footway and the most suitable styles and materials for public seating.

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
DSOPM002: Bus Stops & Shelters

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to bus stops and shelters. It was originally published (electronically) in 2007 and was updated (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing how easy it is to access one of the most effective forms of public transport for keeping older people mobile, socially connected and less susceptible to loneliness and isolation. The guidance is based on the views of over 200 older people, street audits and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on the provision, location and positioning of bus stops, their overall size and type and their detailing (material, seating, lighting and signage).

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
DSOPM003: Tactile Paving

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to relates to tactile paving. It was first published (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to the safety and comfort of footways. The guidance is based on the views of over 1,400 pedestrians, street audits, laboratory tests and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on the siting, laying and maintenance of blister and corduroy paving, including which colours and materials to specify.

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Cycle-Rail Toolkit

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The purpose of this Toolkit is to set out best practice in the delivery of measures to encourage more people to choose Cycle-Rail and support those who have already made that choice. It is a suitable resource for TOCs bidding for new rail franchises and for those involved in the planning and delivery of specific Cycle-Rail projects. It is accompanied by additional guidance on the delivery of effective station travel plans. Whilst primarily aimed at network and station operators and organisations bidding for rail franchises, the intended audience also includes passenger transport executives (PTEs), local authorities and those involved in community rail projects. It should be read in conjunction with advice published by Network Rail and others, such as the Guide to Station Planning and Design. A list of useful documents, including the travel plan guidance, can be found at the back of this Toolkit.

Research 22/08/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Qualitative research with residents - Cycling City and Towns Programme

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As part of the ongoing evaluation of the Cycling City and Towns (CCT) programme, in-depth qualitative research was undertaken in 2010 with a sample of residents in the CCT programme areas to explore their experiences, attitudes and behaviours in relation to cycling and the cycling investment in their towns. The research aimed to provide evidence to help interpret the findings of the post-intervention survey when the results are available in 2013. In the shorter term, it aims to contribute to our understanding of cycling behaviours and how people may best be encouraged to consider cycling as a viable transport option. For more information on the CCT programme and its evaluation, please see the Department’s pages concerning evaluation of the Cycling City and Towns

Research 15/08/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Analysing the perceptions of pedestrians and drivers to shared space: Centre of Transport Studies, UCL

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This paper investigates the importance of certain person-, context- and design-specific factors affecting the perceptions of pedestrians and drivers to shared space. The results suggest that pedestrians feel most comfortable in shared space under conditions which ensure their presence is clear to other road users – these conditions include low vehicular traffic, high pedestrian traffic, good lighting and pedestrian-only facilities. Conversely, the presence of many pedestrians and, in particular, children and elderly, makes drivers feel uneasy and, therefore, enhances their alertness.

Research 01/05/12 unknown Add icon
Why does the outdoor environment matter?

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If an older person cannot get out and about locally, they are at risk of becoming a ‘prisoner in their own home’. This four-page, full-colour booklet gives an overview of all I'DGO One and I'DGO TOO research findings on why getting outdoors matters to older people and what key features of the environment help or hinder them in doing so, day-to-day. The text addresses how the design of gardens, streets, neighbourhoods and open spaces can make a difference to older people’s wellbeing and quality of life, covering topics such as: tactile paving; intelligent road crossings; ‘DIY’ and other shared space streets; residential outdoor space; access to neighbourhood green space; the provision of bus stops and shelters; and footpath design and maintenance. It also includes key messages and implications for professionals and policy makers, short notes on sample size and methodology and details of the research team and its partners.

Research 26/04/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Investigating the potential health benefits of increasing cycling in the Cycling City and Towns

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This paper presents the results of analysis of the CCT Evaluation Baseline Survey results by independent expert Nick Cavill in collaboration with DfT social researchers. The analysis investigates the potential for delivering public health benefits through increasing cycling amongst different population groups. It then explores the size and characteristics of those groups to inform the targeting of cycling interventions. The results are relevant to local authorities who are making the case for investment in cycling, and considering how best to design schemes to realise the health benefits of cycling.

Research 24/04/12 Department for Transport Add icon
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