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Title Document type Published Publisher
Operation od Traffic Signals During Low Demands

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Traffic signal design is a science that has been developed through decades to a point where the maximum efficiency can be squeezed out of the most congested of junctions. Conflicting needs of all road users are measured, evaluated and optimised such that the ever-increasing and varying demands continue to be managed with ingenuity and perfection. But roads aren’t always busy. In many cases the very justification for signal control is based on a problem that may only exist for a couple of hours each weekday. Even the most congested networks have their quiet moment, yet, in a deserted city at 3 in the morning, signals still cycle for non-existent traffic. Any driver who ventures into this scenario may sit in frustration at a red light while the ‘intelligent’ control system optimises the signals for phantom conflicting demands. In other countries various techniques are applied to ‘demote’ signalised junctions to priority mode of operation, for example the flashing amber on main road/flashing red on minor road employed in some States of the USA, or signals that simply turn off overnight as in parts of Europe.

Research 04/10/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Signs (Amendment) Regulations and General Directions 2011

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The Secretary of State— (a)in exercise of powers conferred by section 64(1), (2) and (3) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984(1), makes the regulations contained in Part 1 of this instrument; and (b)in exercise of powers conferred by section 65(1) of that Act(2), gives the general directions contained in Part 2 of this instrument. In relation to the regulations contained in Part 1 of this instrument, the Secretary of State has, in accordance with section 134(2) of that Act, consulted with such representative organisations as the Secretary of State thought fit.

Legislation 09/05/11 Department for Transport Add icon
Bus Stop Design Guide

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This Bus Stop Design Guide has been jointly produced by Road Service and Translink. The main purpose of this Design Guide is to present current best practice in relation to accessibility at bus stops. The document outlines requirements that meet the needs of bus users and, the changing profile of the Northern Ireland bus fleet with the introduction of low floor buses.This guide is intended for use by all types of professionals involved in the planning, design and provision of bus stop infrastructure so that good practice can be applied consistently across Northern Ireland. Indeed, one of the main themes behind this guide is that the bus stop is viewed as a holistic environment rather than just somewhere for a bus to stop. The implementation of the initiatives contained in this strategy will, over the strategy period, make a significant contribution towards the achievement of the “vision” for transportation contained in the Regional Development Strategy for Northern Ireland 2025 (Shaping our Future).

Primary Doc. 03/10/05 Roads Service Northern Ireland Add icon
Traffic Signs Manual Chapter 5: Road Markings

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The Traffic Signs Manual is intended to give advice to traffic authorities and their agents on the correct use of signs and road markings. Mandatory requirements are set out in the current version of the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions; nothing in the manual can override these. The advice is given to assist authorities in the discharge of their duties under section 122 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, but it is for traffic authorities to determine what signing they consider necessary to meet those duties. 1.2 The Traffic Signs Manual is applicable in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. References to “the Secretary of State” should therefore be interpreted as referring to the Secretary of State for Transport, the Department for Regional Development (Northern Ireland), the Scottish Executive or the Welsh Assembly Government as appropriate.

Primary Doc. 01/01/03 Department for Transport Add icon
Planning for Public Transport in Developments

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Designing public transport facilities into new and existing developments is difficult. While there is much experience and guidance available for designing for motorised traffic when designing for public transport, developers, planners, designers, highway and traffic engineers must frequently start from a less than ideal situation. Over recent years few developments have been designed or adapted to cater for access by public transport. These new IHT guidelines provide the advice that is needed. Transport policy has changed significantly in recent years. There is a now consensus that we should encourage and provide for greater use of public transport. The Government sees provision for public transport as an integral part of an Integrated Transport Policy: "At the heart of the policies which we intend to develop are our aims of better and more integrated public transport systems". Furthermore in 1994 the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution recommended that the proportion of passenger-kilometres by public transport increased by 12 per cent in 1993 to 29 per cent in 2005 and 30 per cent by 2020. There can be no doubt that conditions for public transport operators and users in Britain can be substantially improved. British and continental experience suggests that towns can significantly raise the level of bus-use, and that public transport use is compatible with modern prosperous economies and attractive environments. The question, therefore, is how can this best be achieved?

Secondary Doc. 10/04/99 CIHT Add icon
Bus Priority Secondary Doc. 01/03/99 CIHT Add icon
Transport in the Urban Environment

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Transport in the Urban Environment is a complete re-write of the technical manual, "Roads and Traffic in Urban Areas" (better known as RTUA or "the Brown Book" which was published in association with the Department of Transport). RTUA proved to be a particularly useful source of information for practitioners involved in urban planning and development especially those in the fields of highway and traffic engineering, transportation and town planning. Since there have been radical changes in the way that transport is viewed Transport in the Urban Environment gives great emphasis upon ensuring that the potentially damaging effects of transport upon the environment are avoided or, at least, mitigated. One such change is the growing debate over sustainable development and the impacts that transport can have on the urban environment which has continued not only within the UK but in many other countries. Transport in the Urban Environment is a "reference of first resort", providing a comprehensive guide to virtually every aspect of transport in urban areas. The volume is divided into six parts

Secondary Doc. 02/06/97 CIHT Add icon
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