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Buses

BusA form of public transport that convey members of the general public, usually charging set fares, to a scheduled timetables of services along predetermined routes.

Documents listed in this section cover Legislative Framework and Responsibilities, Policies and Guidance, Bus–Priority, Bus–Lanes, Bus–Stopping Places, Busway Transit.

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Documents

Title Document type Published Publisher
TAL 02/07 The Use of Bus Lanes by Motorcycles

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The Government’s Motorcycling Strategy, published in February 2005, seeks to facilitate motorcycling as a choice of travel within a safe and sustainable transport framework. Since 1995, several authorities have made permanent a number of experimental Traffic Regulation Orders allowing motorcyclists to use bus lanes. Various monitoring and research projects have been carried out to determine the effects of these schemes on both motorcyclists and other road users. The research does not lead to clear conclusions, but suggests both potential benefits and disbenefits. As with any scheme, the decision to allow motorcycle access to bus lanes should be taken with care to mitigate foreseeable and avoidable risks. The Strategy gave an undertaking to review the advice given in Local Transport Note (LTN) 1/972, on the use of bus lanes by motorcycles. Local highway authorities are able to permit classes of vehicles other than buses into bus lanes. However, because of concerns about safety and lack of any evidence at the time, LTN 1/972 recommended that motorcycles should not normally be permitted to use them. This Traffic Advisory Leaflet now revises the guidance on that point in LTN 1/972 and encourages a more objective assessment to be made.

Primary Doc. 01/02/07 Department for Transport Add icon
Know Your Traffic Signs

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Why know your traffic signs? Traffic signs play a vital role in directing, informing and controllingroad users' behaviour in an effort to make the roads as safe aspossible for everyone. This makes a knowledge of traffic signsessential. Not just for new drivers or riders needing to pass theirtheory test, but for all road users, including experiencedprofessional drivers. Keeping up to date We live in times of change. Society, technology and the economy allplay their part in changing the way we travel. New road signsconveying new messages and in new formats are introduced fromtime to time, so drivers or riders who passed their driving test a fewyears ago need to keep up to date or run the risk of failing tounderstand or comply with recently introduced signs. A few examples of events that called for new signs include: • Britain's first motorway • Pelican crossings • Reintroduction of trams • Advanced stop lines • Vehicle-activated signs • Active Traffic Management. Responsibility for traffic signsResponsibility for the road network in the UK is split among:• the Highways Agency in England• the Welsh Assembly Government in Wales• the Scottish Executive in Scotland• and local or regional highway authorities. The central administrations above are responsible for the UK’sstrategic road network. Strategic roads are the highways that linkcities, areas of population, ports and airports. Most motorways andsome “A” roads are strategic roads. Local or regional highway authorities are responsible for localroads, and this includes a few motorways, all other “A” roads andall other public roads. While responsibility for placing, erecting andmaintaining traffic signs is split among these bodies, it is importantthat signs are consistent both in appearance and in the way theyare used.To ensure that the UK has a uniform traffic signing system, signsmust conform to the designs prescribed in the Traffic SignsRegulations and General Directions (although some signs mayhave been specially authorised by the Secretary of State). The Traffic Signs Manual, published by TSO, provides detailedguidance for those responsible for designing and installing traffic signs.

Secondary Doc. 01/01/07 Department for Transport Add icon
Bus Priority at Traffic Signals Keeps London's Buses Moving Secondary Doc. 01/01/06 Transport for London Add icon
Accessible Bus Stop Design Guidance Secondary Doc. 01/01/06 Transport for London Add icon
Bus Stop Design Guide

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This Bus Stop Design Guide has been jointly produced by Road Service and Translink. The main purpose of this Design Guide is to present current best practice in relation to accessibility at bus stops. The document outlines requirements that meet the needs of bus users and, the changing profile of the Northern Ireland bus fleet with the introduction of low floor buses.This guide is intended for use by all types of professionals involved in the planning, design and provision of bus stop infrastructure so that good practice can be applied consistently across Northern Ireland. Indeed, one of the main themes behind this guide is that the bus stop is viewed as a holistic environment rather than just somewhere for a bus to stop. The implementation of the initiatives contained in this strategy will, over the strategy period, make a significant contribution towards the achievement of the “vision” for transportation contained in the Regional Development Strategy for Northern Ireland 2025 (Shaping our Future).

Primary Doc. 03/10/05 Roads Service Northern Ireland Add icon
Traffic Calming Measures for Bus Routes Secondary Doc. 01/09/05 Transport for London Add icon
Well-maintained Highways

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Well-Maintained Highways, the code of practice for highway maintenance management was published in July 2005. It provides local authorities with guidance on highways management in an ever changing environment, creating a strong foundation for a positive and lasting maintenance policy. Adoption of the recommendations in this code will help the delivery of Best Value services.

Primary Doc. 01/07/05 UK Roads Liaison Group Add icon
The Bus Lanes (Approved Devices) (England) Order 2005 Legislation 01/01/05 Office of Public Sector Information Add icon
Bus Priority: The Way Ahead

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This is the second edition of the resource pack, which provides practical information and guidance on successful bus priority. A useful summary is provided in the overview document at the front of the resource pack. The resource pack comprises a series of leaflets which are updated periodically.

Secondary Doc. 01/12/04 Department for Transport Add icon
TRL 610 Cycling in bus lanes

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Cyclists in the UK are normally permitted to use with-flow bus lanes and other bus priority facilities because sustainable modes of transport are being encouraged and because cycling in bus lanes is usually safer than riding outside them between moving buses and general traffic. TRL was commissioned by the Department for Transport to examine the issues surrounding cyclists and bus priority in order to: Obtain a better understanding of cyclist and bus interaction in bus lanes; Provide guidance on the practical options available for increasing the safety and convenience for cyclists in bus priority schemes. Surveys and interviews carried out in Edinburgh, Hull, Derby and London found that riding in bus lanes (including contra-flows) was generally very popular with cyclists because it appeared safer and more direct than cycling in general traffic. Wider bus lanes were preferred, and an advisory cycle lane within the bus lane was suggested where space allowed. Few instances of actual conflict or delay were observed, but bus drivers and cyclists appeared to have a generally low opinion of each other, which might be addressed by ensuring sufficient bus lane width and greater mutual awareness.

Research 01/11/04 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
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