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Buses

BusA form of public transport that convey members of the general public, usually charging set fares, to a scheduled timetables of services along predetermined routes.

Documents listed in this section cover Legislative Framework and Responsibilities, Policies and Guidance, Bus–Priority, Bus–Lanes, Bus–Stopping Places, Busway Transit.

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Documents

Title Document type Published Publisher
South Yorkshire - Technical Appendix

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This document was identified as part of the UKRLG Project on Design & Maintenance Guidance. South Yorkshire design guide for developers, who will seek for the highways constructed to be adopted under section 38 or 278 of the Highways Act.

Secondary Doc. 09/06/04 UK Roads Liaison Group Add icon
TRL 592 A study of front-mounted bicycle racks on buses

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This study, commissioned by the Department for Transport, assesses the potential for increased risk and severity of injuries to pedestrians involved in collisions with buses fitted with front-mounted bicycle racks. An extensive literature search was conducted to identify any research investigating the impact of bicycle racks, mounted on buses, on pedestrian injuries. A lack of previously published information was found that directly related to the safety implications of folding front mounted bicycle racks on buses. After analysis of the TRL database of police files of fatal accidents involving buses and coaches, and a mathematical modelling exercise, speed and impact points were recommended for impact testing. A bus, a coach and a front-mounted bike rack were selected for testing, and an informal opinion concerning these vehicles fitted with a bike rack was offered by the Vehicle Inspectorate. Adult and child headform and legform impact tests were carried out on the vehicles, with and without the rack, and with and without bikes and the results of testing the various combinations were analysed and compared. The limitations of the impact testing methodology used in revealing the severity of impalement are discussed.

Research 01/01/04 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
TAL ITS 13/03 Leicester - Star Trak Real Time Information System

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Star trak is an Intelligent Transport System in Leicestershire that monitors buses and provides transport information for passengers. The system is one of a package of measures to provide quality bus services and is designed to encourage commuters to use the bus as an alternative to driving. The system tracks the position of buses using GPS systems, this information is used to predict their time of departure at their respective bus stops and is displayed at selected stops on LED signs. On board the buses, the name of the next stop is displayed on a text screen. In addition, if a bus is running behind timetable a traffic signal priority system is activated to favour the bus.

Primary Doc. 01/12/03 Department for Transport Add icon
TAL ITS 12/03 Lincoln Interconnect Flexible Bus Services

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This leaflet is a study of the InterConnect system; InterConnect is a high quality bus service for the rural communities of Lincolnshire. The service is supported by Intelligent Transport Systems. InterConnect provides modern low-floor buses running at a minimum hourly frequency on routes between the major towns of the county. Rural communities off the main routes are provided with ‘CallConnect’ feeder buses that have flexible routes and have guaranteed connections with InterConnect services at high quality interchange points.

Primary Doc. 01/12/03 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Signs Manual Chapter 5: Road Markings

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The Traffic Signs Manual is intended to give advice to traffic authorities and their agents on the correct use of signs and road markings. Mandatory requirements are set out in the current version of the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions; nothing in the manual can override these. The advice is given to assist authorities in the discharge of their duties under section 122 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, but it is for traffic authorities to determine what signing they consider necessary to meet those duties. 1.2 The Traffic Signs Manual is applicable in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. References to “the Secretary of State” should therefore be interpreted as referring to the Secretary of State for Transport, the Department for Regional Development (Northern Ireland), the Scottish Executive or the Welsh Assembly Government as appropriate.

Primary Doc. 01/01/03 Department for Transport Add icon
Making Travel Plans Work

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A workplace travel plan is a simple idea with a big ambition: to change the way that people travel to work. Cost, convenience, and comfort all influence our decisions about the journeys we take. Travel plans set out to address these factors, re-framing travel choices with major improvements to the bus, cycling and walking routes that serve the work site. Cyclists are welcomed with secure parking and changing facilities. Bus services are adjusted to staff needs. Drivers can find car share partners through a matching service. Discounts, promotional offers and financial incentives make alternatives to solo driving more attractive. Car park restrictions and charges make driving less so. This guide points to key success factors and features of good practice for setting up an effective travel plan. It is based on the experience of 20 UK organisations that have brought about a change in staff travel patterns. These employers include hospitals, councils, major companies, a shopping centre and a university. Results indicate that following their plans on average, there were at least 14 fewer cars arriving per 100 staff, representing a reduction of 18% or more in the proportion of commuter journeys being made as a car driver. The advice given here follows a detailed evaluation of the travel plans adopted by these organisations. The range of reductions they achieved was considerable – from 5% to 66% – making it possible to compare the effectiveness of different travel plan measures and strategies. The guide also draws on the findings of other research in the US and the Netherlands, where travel plans have been in use for much longer.

Secondary Doc. 01/07/02 Department for Transport Add icon
TAL 06/01 Bus Priority Primary Doc. 01/04/01 Department for Transport Add icon
Park and Ride Secondary Doc. 01/03/01 CIHT Add icon
The Environmental Management of Highways

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The Guidelines on The Environmental Management of Highways outline the development of environmental policy in the UK and describe best practice on a range of key environmental topics relating to the management and maintenance of transport infrastructure. The Guidelines are intended to be compatible with other official guidance from the Institution of Highways & Transportation (IHT [Institution of Highways & Transportation]), the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) and the Highways Agency (HA). The Guidelines are intended for use mainly by planners, architects, highway engineers, traffic engineers and maintenance engineers, in both the public and private sectors. They are also intended to assist councillors, voluntary groups and others who wish to pursue improvements to the highway environment, such as residents whose community is disrupted by heavy traffic. Finally, they are intended to help promote a consensus amongst the authorities, professionals and user groups on the best ways to improve conditions.

Secondary Doc. 01/02/01 CIHT Add icon
Creating Places: Achieving quality in residential environments

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This guide describes the contributions to quality and sustainability that developers in Northern Ireland will be expected to make through the design of new residential developments. It seeks to ensure that what is designed and built today will be cherished by both present and future generations. The guide is for use by all those involved in the design of new residential developments and the rejuvenation of existing housing areas – primarily house-builders, architects, landscape architects, urban designers, planners and road engineers. It is intentionally not slanted towards any one profession or group, in the belief that what is said here is relevant to all those who have an interest in the design of the places where we live.

Secondary Doc. 01/05/00 Northern Ireland Planning Service Add icon
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