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Title Document type Published Publisher
TAL 2/13: bollards and pedestrian movement

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Bollards are a common design of vehicle security barriers (VSB) that are required in certain locations to mitigate criminal or terrorist vehicle-borne threats. Bollard type VSBs provide a solution that resolves many common operational issues faced at busy transport interchanges. Observational surveys and research studies have been carried out under normal travel conditions to assess whether permanent bollards schemes affect pedestrian movement or give rise to additional health and safety concerns. Studies of evacuation scenarios have not been carried out. This traffic advisory leaflet (TAL) outlines the findings of these studies and provides guidance to inform the planning and design of bollard schemes installed for the purpose of hostile vehicle mitigation.

Primary Doc. 23/05/13 Department for Transport Add icon
TAL 2/13: bollards and pedestrian movement

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Bollards are a common design of vehicle security barriers (VSB) that are required in certain locations to mitigate criminal or terrorist vehicle-borne threats. Bollard type VSBs provide a solution that resolves many common operational issues faced at busy transport interchanges. Observational surveys and research studies have been carried out under normal travel conditions to assess whether permanent bollards schemes affect pedestrian movement or give rise to additional health and safety concerns. Studies of evacuation scenarios have not been carried out. This traffic advisory leaflet (TAL) outlines the findings of these studies and provides guidance to inform the planning and design of bollard schemes installed for the purpose of hostile vehicle mitigation.

Primary Doc. 23/05/13 CPNI Add icon
Operation od Traffic Signals During Low Demands

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Traffic signal design is a science that has been developed through decades to a point where the maximum efficiency can be squeezed out of the most congested of junctions. Conflicting needs of all road users are measured, evaluated and optimised such that the ever-increasing and varying demands continue to be managed with ingenuity and perfection. But roads aren’t always busy. In many cases the very justification for signal control is based on a problem that may only exist for a couple of hours each weekday. Even the most congested networks have their quiet moment, yet, in a deserted city at 3 in the morning, signals still cycle for non-existent traffic. Any driver who ventures into this scenario may sit in frustration at a red light while the ‘intelligent’ control system optimises the signals for phantom conflicting demands. In other countries various techniques are applied to ‘demote’ signalised junctions to priority mode of operation, for example the flashing amber on main road/flashing red on minor road employed in some States of the USA, or signals that simply turn off overnight as in parts of Europe.

Research 04/10/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Management Techniques for Cyclists: Final Report

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This report focuses on a project undertaken for the Department for Transport (Traffic Management Division) in March 2011 entitled Investigation of Options for Traffic Management Techniques for Cyclists at Signallised Junctions in the Urban Environment. It describes the outcome of a desktop study that investigates the techniques that are in common usage both in the UK and overseas for cyclist provision at traffic signals.

Research 24/09/12 Department for Transport Add icon
DSOPM003: Tactile Paving

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to relates to tactile paving. It was first published (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to the safety and comfort of footways. The guidance is based on the views of over 1,400 pedestrians, street audits, laboratory tests and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on the siting, laying and maintenance of blister and corduroy paving, including which colours and materials to specify.

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
DSOPM002: Bus Stops & Shelters

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to bus stops and shelters. It was originally published (electronically) in 2007 and was updated (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing how easy it is to access one of the most effective forms of public transport for keeping older people mobile, socially connected and less susceptible to loneliness and isolation. The guidance is based on the views of over 200 older people, street audits and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on the provision, location and positioning of bus stops, their overall size and type and their detailing (material, seating, lighting and signage).

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Speed and Safety - Evidence from published safety

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For a number of years, there has been considerable interest in the relationship between speed and crashes, and in the most effective way of encouraging drivers to comply with the posted speed limit. The ultimate aim of any road safety policy must be to improve safety. Part of the improvement will be achieved through increases in compliance. This paper brings together a number of different sources within Department for Transport and Ministry of Justice data. It begins to set out a compelling story that over the last few years, compliance with the 30 mph limit has improved, casualties have fallen, and the number of drivers receiving penalty points has also reduced. Perhaps at long last, we are beginning to understand that driving slower in urban areas saves lives.

Research 22/08/12 unknown Add icon
Qualitative research with residents - Cycling City and Towns Programme

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As part of the ongoing evaluation of the Cycling City and Towns (CCT) programme, in-depth qualitative research was undertaken in 2010 with a sample of residents in the CCT programme areas to explore their experiences, attitudes and behaviours in relation to cycling and the cycling investment in their towns. The research aimed to provide evidence to help interpret the findings of the post-intervention survey when the results are available in 2013. In the shorter term, it aims to contribute to our understanding of cycling behaviours and how people may best be encouraged to consider cycling as a viable transport option. For more information on the CCT programme and its evaluation, please see the Department’s pages concerning evaluation of the Cycling City and Towns

Research 15/08/12 Department for Transport Add icon
European Commission road safety knowledge base

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This is the knowledge base of the European Road Safety Observatory. On this part of the website, you will find high quality information on important road safety subjects. The information is scientifically founded, easy to read and ready to use. For each subject the information consists of an overview of the magnitude of the problem, prevalence and countermeasures.

Research 01/08/12 CIHT Add icon
Road Safety Toolbox

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The EU funds many research projects on road safety whose results are available to the public. This toolbox contains reports, manuals and best practice guides which were published as part of these projects and which could be useful for road safety specialists. They cover a large range of issues, from accidentology and infrastructure to policy assessments. All documents can be downloaded free of charge.

Useful Website 01/08/12 CIHT Add icon
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