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Title Document type Published Publisher
Linking offence histories to accident causation using OTS data

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This research project explores the links between offence histories and accident involvement of over 2000 active road users (ARUs) whose accident data were collected by TRL On The Spot (OTS) researchers between October 2003 and March 2010. The first part of the research matched ARUs from the OTS database onto the DVLA, PNC or Voters’ databases. Matches were found for 87% of ARUs, with 47% of these having a previous offence on either the DVLA or PNC database (or both). The most common general offence type found was for summary motoring and the most common motoring offence type was for speed limit offences. Of the matched ARUs, 40% who were considered to be at fault in the OTS recorded accident were found to have an offence history compared to 31% of those who were not considered to be at fault. Similarly, those ARUs who had drink and drug driving offences were more likely to be at fault in the accident, as were those who had a drugs related general offence. This suggests that more work could be done to target individuals who engage in drink and/or drug driving, perhaps through Think! campaigns. HGV drivers had the highest percentage of both DVLA and PNC offences, followed by LGV drivers. The results related to road user type suggest that work could be done with fleet managers from companies to monitor and manage offence histories of their HGV and LGV drivers. Examples of ways in which this could be done might include advising on whether adequate checks are made at the recruitment stage and setting up a system for regular licence checking. Comparison of the results in the Thames Valley region to a parallel report written by VSRC on the Nottinghamshire region generally found similar trends in offending.

Research 06/09/11 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
Crossings: A guide for managers, designers and operators.

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The Office of Rail Regulation (ORR) has issued this guidance after extensive consultation. It provides general guidance on the safe management, operation, modification and use of Britain’s level crossings. It also provides detailed information on the level crossing order making process which is managed by ORR.

Primary Doc. 26/08/11 CIHT Add icon
Delivery of Local Road Safety

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The Department for Transport commissioned AECOM, in association with the Tavistock Institute, to design and deliver a three-year independent evaluation of the delivery of local road user safety. The evaluation was commissioned to consider the following objectives: •to evaluate the different strategies and plans for delivering road user safety; •to assess what is being delivered, the key processes and how efficient local authority practices are; and •to identify lessons and areas of good practice in road user safety investment.

Research 06/08/11 Department for Transport Add icon
Level Crossings - a guide for Managers, Designers & Operators

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It updates the earlier guidance, Railway Safety Principles and Guidance, Part 2, Section E (RSPG2E) Guidance on level crossings (first published in 1996) to reflect recent developments in good practice, technology and industry standards and to take account of changes in the law and recommendations from the Rail Accident and Investigation Branch. It also incorporates the previously separate guidance on the level crossing order making process which is managed by ORR.

General Information 01/08/11 CIHT Add icon
Assessing the perceived safety risk from quiet electric and hybrid vehicles to vision impaired pedestrians

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Over 90% of the UK population hears traffic noise at home and approximately 10% regard this exposure as highly annoying. The Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC aims to prevent/reduce environmental noise from sources such as road traffic where necessary and preserve noise quality where it is good. Potential mechanisms for achieving this include the increased use of quieter vehicles (through reduced powertrain and tyre noise) and low-noise road surfaces. One option for quieter vehicles is the use of vehicles powered by electric motors, either fully electric or hybrid vehicles running in electric mode. However, groups representing the vision-impaired, both in the UK and internationally, have raised concerns that, due to their low noise, such vehicles may pose an increased accident risk to vision-impaired pedestrians. The Department for Transport has commissioned TRL to investigate the accident risk posed by such vehicles and compare it with that for equivalent vehicles with traditional internal combustion engines, and to determine whether electric/hybrid vehicles are audibly more difficult to detect. This report presents the findings from the study, based upon a review of accident statistics, a programme of practical measurements to compare the noise of electric/hybrid and internal combustion engine vehicles, and a small-scale subjective assessment of the noise from these vehicles involving visually impaired participants.

Research 01/08/11 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
Bus punctuality partnerships: guidance for local authorities and operators

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This guidance has been produced by DfT's Bus Punctuality Working Group, a stakeholder group set up to develop a more effective punctuality regime. It is informed by the experience of local authorities and bus operators around the country and offers a framework which local authorities and bus operators can use to work together to achieve results. It sets out why punctuality and reliability are important, and explains how a partnership approach can help to deliver high standards of punctuality. It contains examples of good practice which are already being used, together with a model which has been developed for use 'off the peg' or which can be adapted according to local circumstances, including a model data sharing agreement.

Secondary Doc. 11/07/11 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Signs (Amendment) Regulations and General Directions 2011

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The Secretary of State— (a)in exercise of powers conferred by section 64(1), (2) and (3) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984(1), makes the regulations contained in Part 1 of this instrument; and (b)in exercise of powers conferred by section 65(1) of that Act(2), gives the general directions contained in Part 2 of this instrument. In relation to the regulations contained in Part 1 of this instrument, the Secretary of State has, in accordance with section 134(2) of that Act, consulted with such representative organisations as the Secretary of State thought fit.

Legislation 09/05/11 Department for Transport Add icon
TRL PPR 565 Effect of vehicle defects in road accidents

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All vehicles deteriorate in service and this can have an adverse impact upon safety and the environment. Roadworthiness testing exists to ensure that at least a minimum level of benefits in a vehicle’s original design and manufacture are retained in service. This study provides a high level overview of the likely impacts (if any) to road safety from changes to the MOT test frequency by vehicle age and time since last inspection. Two different theoretical models were developed and used to provide an estimate of the magnitude of the number of accidents and casualties which may occur annually due to less frequent MOT testing. Reducing the frequency of testing for newer vehicles will have adverse road safety consequences, but these would be substantially greater for older vehicles as the data presented in this report already indicates their high MOT failure rates. Although the theoretical models are not ideal, largely due to a lack of data upon which assumptions have been based, they consistently indicated an increase in accidents and casualties. However, it must be stressed that these are estimates only and further work would be required before a genuine quantification of the scale of these adverse road safety impacts will be known.

Research 12/04/11 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
Deal or no deal: Can incentives encourage widespread adoption of intelligent speed adaption devices?: Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (DOP: 4/11)

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Given the burden of injury, economic, environmental and social consequences associated with speeding, reducing road traffic speed remains a major priority. Intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) is a promising but controversial new in-vehicle system that provides drivers with support on the speed-control task. In order to model potential system uptake, this paper explores drivers’ preferences for two different types of ISA given a number of alternative fiscal incentives and non-fiscal measures, using a stated preference approach.

Research 09/04/11 CIHT Add icon
The characteristics of pedestrian road traffic accidents and the resulting injuries

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This Insight Report explores the characteristics of pedestrian road traffic accidents, and the injuries received by the pedestrian casualties. These are often the most vulnerable members of society, so an understanding of the causes and consequences of pedestrian accidents is important as the demographics of the population changes in the coming years. Recent changes in vehicle design, including the recent legislation on pedestrian protection, may also affect the consequences of pedestrian accidents. This report has used a number of different sources of information. These include medical data collected by all hospitals in England (the Hospital Episode Statistics) and more in-depth data collected by the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service, which operates from the Royal London Hospital. More traditional sources of accident data have also been used, including the national police STATS19 database, in-depth accident studies (On The Spot and the Co-operative Crash Injury Study) and police fatal file reports. This Insight Report provides a snapshot of the causes and consequences of pedestrian traffic accidents, which shows the most important considerations for reducing pedestrian casualties. Continuous monitoring is required to determine the results of changing vehicle design and pedestrian demographics.

Research 04/04/11 Transport Research Laboratory Add icon
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