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Traffic Calming

traffic calmingTraffic calming is a set of strategies used by urban planners and traffic engineers which aim to slow down or reduce traffic, thereby improving safety for pedestrians and cyclists as well as improving the environment for residents.

Documents in this section cover Legislation, Road Humps, Mini Roundabouts, Road Narrowing, Home Zones, Raised Tables, Signing and Marking, Enforcement, Policy Framework, Public Participation and Consultation, Scheme Design and maintenance.

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Documents

Title Document type Published Publisher
TAL 3/13: traffic bollards and low level traffic signs

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Discusses the advantages of traffic bollards in certain circumstances, whilst recognising that their over provision can have an unduly negative effect on streetscape and energy consumption. Provides advice on the use of traffic bollards and associated signing for roads with a speed limit of 30 mph or lower and discusses alternatives such as low level signs. It does not cover bollards used to control access or to prevent footway parking or overrunning.

Primary Doc. 23/09/13 Department for Transport Add icon
DSOPM004: Pedestrian Crossings

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to relates to pedestrian crossings. It was first published (in print and online) in July 2013 and launched at the annual conference of the Local Government Association. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to pedestrian safety and comfort. The guidance is based on the views over 1,600 pedestrians, street audits and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on providing accessible crossing amenities that send out a consistent message to all users and flags the importance of raising awareness among pedestrians as to how crossings work and why.

Secondary Doc. 02/07/13 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
TAL 2/13: bollards and pedestrian movement

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Bollards are a common design of vehicle security barriers (VSB) that are required in certain locations to mitigate criminal or terrorist vehicle-borne threats. Bollard type VSBs provide a solution that resolves many common operational issues faced at busy transport interchanges. Observational surveys and research studies have been carried out under normal travel conditions to assess whether permanent bollards schemes affect pedestrian movement or give rise to additional health and safety concerns. Studies of evacuation scenarios have not been carried out. This traffic advisory leaflet (TAL) outlines the findings of these studies and provides guidance to inform the planning and design of bollard schemes installed for the purpose of hostile vehicle mitigation.

Primary Doc. 23/05/13 CPNI Add icon
Operation od Traffic Signals During Low Demands

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Traffic signal design is a science that has been developed through decades to a point where the maximum efficiency can be squeezed out of the most congested of junctions. Conflicting needs of all road users are measured, evaluated and optimised such that the ever-increasing and varying demands continue to be managed with ingenuity and perfection. But roads aren’t always busy. In many cases the very justification for signal control is based on a problem that may only exist for a couple of hours each weekday. Even the most congested networks have their quiet moment, yet, in a deserted city at 3 in the morning, signals still cycle for non-existent traffic. Any driver who ventures into this scenario may sit in frustration at a red light while the ‘intelligent’ control system optimises the signals for phantom conflicting demands. In other countries various techniques are applied to ‘demote’ signalised junctions to priority mode of operation, for example the flashing amber on main road/flashing red on minor road employed in some States of the USA, or signals that simply turn off overnight as in parts of Europe.

Research 04/10/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Management Techniques for Cyclists: Final Report

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This report focuses on a project undertaken for the Department for Transport (Traffic Management Division) in March 2011 entitled Investigation of Options for Traffic Management Techniques for Cyclists at Signallised Junctions in the Urban Environment. It describes the outcome of a desktop study that investigates the techniques that are in common usage both in the UK and overseas for cyclist provision at traffic signals.

Research 24/09/12 Department for Transport Add icon
DSOPM003: Tactile Paving

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This I’DGO design guidance relates to relates to tactile paving. It was first published (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to the safety and comfort of footways. The guidance is based on the views of over 1,400 pedestrians, street audits, laboratory tests and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on the siting, laying and maintenance of blister and corduroy paving, including which colours and materials to specify.

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Why does the outdoor environment matter?

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If an older person cannot get out and about locally, they are at risk of becoming a ‘prisoner in their own home’. This four-page, full-colour booklet gives an overview of all I'DGO One and I'DGO TOO research findings on why getting outdoors matters to older people and what key features of the environment help or hinder them in doing so, day-to-day. The text addresses how the design of gardens, streets, neighbourhoods and open spaces can make a difference to older people’s wellbeing and quality of life, covering topics such as: tactile paving; intelligent road crossings; ‘DIY’ and other shared space streets; residential outdoor space; access to neighbourhood green space; the provision of bus stops and shelters; and footpath design and maintenance. It also includes key messages and implications for professionals and policy makers, short notes on sample size and methodology and details of the research team and its partners.

Research 26/04/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
TAL 1/12: The Traffic Signs (Amendment) (No.2) Regulations and General Directions 2011

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The Traffic Signs (Amendment) (No.2) Regulations and General Directions 2011 (SI 2011 No. 3041) further amends the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002 (“TSRGD 2002” – SI 2002 No. 3113) and came into force on 30 January 2012. Copies of the new SI are available from TSO at a price of £27.25 each. In addition to SI 2011 No. 3041, this Traffic Advisory Leaflet also contains guidance relating to the other sets of amendment regulations listed below, which came into force since the introduction of TSRGD 2002. Therefore, in addition to the current editions of Traffic Signs Manual, this document should be read in conjunction with the listed SIs and associated Traffic Advisory Leaflets, by all those involved in designing and implementing traffic management schemes and in road traffic regulation generally. While this Traffic Advisory Leaflet is intended to assist readers, it is neither legal advice nor a substitute for reference to the relevant legislation - and should not be relied on as such.

General Information 07/03/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Advisory Leaflet 5/11 - Quality Audit

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This leaflet gives advice on the use of Quality Audit (QA) in the street design process as outlined in Manual for Streets, Manual for Streets 2 Wider Application of the Principles and Local Transport Note 1/08 Traffic Management and Streetscape.

General Information 14/11/11 Department for Transport Add icon
Shared Space Local Transport Note 1/11

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Shared space is a design approach that seeks to change the way streets operate by reducing the dominance of motor vehicles, primarily through lower speeds and encouraging drivers to behave more accommodatingly towards pedestrians. In the UK, shared space is usually applied to links and minor junctions with the aim of allowing pedestrians to move more freely within the space. This Local Transport Note (LTN) focuses on High Street environments, but many of its principles will apply to other types of shared space.

Research 20/10/11 Department for Transport Add icon
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