You are at:

  1. Home »
  2. Topic »
  3. Vulnerable Road Users »
  4. Cycling


cyclistCycling is the use of bicycles, or - less commonly - unicycles, tricycles, quadricycles and other similar wheeled human powered vehicles (HPVs) as a means of transport, a form of recreation or a sport. It is undertaken on roads and paths and across open country.

Documents listed in this section cover Cycle Networks, Construction and Maintenance, Signing and Road Marking, Cycle Lanes, Signal–Controlled Junctions and crossings, Cycle Tracks, Road Crossings, Cycling and Pedestrians, Grade–Separated Crossings, Cycle Parking, traffic calming.

You can refine your search by selecting a narrower topic heading listed below.

Filter content

Filter by attributes
Filter by date


Title Document type Published Publisher
Planning for Cycling

Read document description

Cycling is an important part of urban transport. However, for many years its role has been neglected in the UK, with the focus mainly on the needs of motor traffic. Cycling is one of the most sustainable forms of transport, and increasing its use has great potential. To release this potential, highways, public spaces and other rights-of-way need to be organised accordingly. Planning for cycling is discussed in these guidelines; detailed design of infrastructure and facilities for cycle users will be examined elsewhere.

Secondary Doc. 20/10/14 CIHT Add icon
Traffic Signs Manual Chapter 4: Warning Signs (2013)

Read document description

2013 UPDATE - Through the Traffic Signs Manual, the Department for Transport provides guidance to traffic authorities and sign designers on good practice in respect of the design and use of traffic signs in order to provide appropriate and adequate information for road users. The Manual is published by TSO as a number of discrete chapters each of which deals with a specific signing topic. We have made changes to Chapter 4 to bring it up to date following the amendments that were made to the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002. Chapter 4 of the Manual is concerned with signs that warn road users of hazards ahead and was last updated in 2008. The main changes relate to the signing of low bridges and on using the new triangular warning sign that indicates maximum height in both imperial and metric units. Bridge strikes, where vehicles, their loads or equipment collide with bridges, are a significant and recurring problem and the revised guidance gives highway authorities up to date information and demonstrates the Department’s ongoing commitment to tackling the risk.

Primary Doc. 30/07/13 Department for Transport Add icon
DSOPM004: Pedestrian Crossings

Read document description

This I’DGO design guidance relates to relates to pedestrian crossings. It was first published (in print and online) in July 2013 and launched at the annual conference of the Local Government Association. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to pedestrian safety and comfort. The guidance is based on the views over 1,600 pedestrians, street audits and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on providing accessible crossing amenities that send out a consistent message to all users and flags the importance of raising awareness among pedestrians as to how crossings work and why.

Secondary Doc. 02/07/13 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Operation od Traffic Signals During Low Demands

Read document description

Traffic signal design is a science that has been developed through decades to a point where the maximum efficiency can be squeezed out of the most congested of junctions. Conflicting needs of all road users are measured, evaluated and optimised such that the ever-increasing and varying demands continue to be managed with ingenuity and perfection. But roads aren’t always busy. In many cases the very justification for signal control is based on a problem that may only exist for a couple of hours each weekday. Even the most congested networks have their quiet moment, yet, in a deserted city at 3 in the morning, signals still cycle for non-existent traffic. Any driver who ventures into this scenario may sit in frustration at a red light while the ‘intelligent’ control system optimises the signals for phantom conflicting demands. In other countries various techniques are applied to ‘demote’ signalised junctions to priority mode of operation, for example the flashing amber on main road/flashing red on minor road employed in some States of the USA, or signals that simply turn off overnight as in parts of Europe.

Research 04/10/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Traffic Management Techniques for Cyclists: Final Report

Read document description

This report focuses on a project undertaken for the Department for Transport (Traffic Management Division) in March 2011 entitled Investigation of Options for Traffic Management Techniques for Cyclists at Signallised Junctions in the Urban Environment. It describes the outcome of a desktop study that investigates the techniques that are in common usage both in the UK and overseas for cyclist provision at traffic signals.

Research 24/09/12 Department for Transport Add icon
DSOPM003: Tactile Paving

Read document description

This I’DGO design guidance relates to relates to tactile paving. It was first published (in print and online) in September 2012. It is part of The Design of Streets with Older People in Mind; a toolkit for those who plan, design and maintain the public realm. It can be used as an aid to assessing the ‘walkability‘ of local neighbourhoods, particularly with regards to the safety and comfort of footways. The guidance is based on the views of over 1,400 pedestrians, street audits, laboratory tests and key sources of existing UK guidance. It includes advice on the siting, laying and maintenance of blister and corduroy paving, including which colours and materials to specify.

Secondary Doc. 06/09/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Cycle-Rail Toolkit

Read document description

The purpose of this Toolkit is to set out best practice in the delivery of measures to encourage more people to choose Cycle-Rail and support those who have already made that choice. It is a suitable resource for TOCs bidding for new rail franchises and for those involved in the planning and delivery of specific Cycle-Rail projects. It is accompanied by additional guidance on the delivery of effective station travel plans. Whilst primarily aimed at network and station operators and organisations bidding for rail franchises, the intended audience also includes passenger transport executives (PTEs), local authorities and those involved in community rail projects. It should be read in conjunction with advice published by Network Rail and others, such as the Guide to Station Planning and Design. A list of useful documents, including the travel plan guidance, can be found at the back of this Toolkit.

Research 22/08/12 Department for Transport Add icon
Qualitative research with residents - Cycling City and Towns Programme

Read document description

As part of the ongoing evaluation of the Cycling City and Towns (CCT) programme, in-depth qualitative research was undertaken in 2010 with a sample of residents in the CCT programme areas to explore their experiences, attitudes and behaviours in relation to cycling and the cycling investment in their towns. The research aimed to provide evidence to help interpret the findings of the post-intervention survey when the results are available in 2013. In the shorter term, it aims to contribute to our understanding of cycling behaviours and how people may best be encouraged to consider cycling as a viable transport option. For more information on the CCT programme and its evaluation, please see the Department’s pages concerning evaluation of the Cycling City and Towns

Research 15/08/12 Department for Transport Add icon
European Commission road safety knowledge base

Read document description

This is the knowledge base of the European Road Safety Observatory. On this part of the website, you will find high quality information on important road safety subjects. The information is scientifically founded, easy to read and ready to use. For each subject the information consists of an overview of the magnitude of the problem, prevalence and countermeasures.

Research 01/08/12 CIHT Add icon
Why does the outdoor environment matter?

Read document description

If an older person cannot get out and about locally, they are at risk of becoming a ‘prisoner in their own home’. This four-page, full-colour booklet gives an overview of all I'DGO One and I'DGO TOO research findings on why getting outdoors matters to older people and what key features of the environment help or hinder them in doing so, day-to-day. The text addresses how the design of gardens, streets, neighbourhoods and open spaces can make a difference to older people’s wellbeing and quality of life, covering topics such as: tactile paving; intelligent road crossings; ‘DIY’ and other shared space streets; residential outdoor space; access to neighbourhood green space; the provision of bus stops and shelters; and footpath design and maintenance. It also includes key messages and implications for professionals and policy makers, short notes on sample size and methodology and details of the research team and its partners.

Research 26/04/12 Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (I'DGO) Add icon
Showing results 1-10 of 188